Also known as the Rice Eater because of the devastation they can cause to a rice crop.
The Java Sparrow inhabits open woodlands, often bordering cultivated areas, and is also found in mangroves, grassland, towns and villages. It is found in both coastal and inland areas, up to 1,500 metres above sea level.
As surprising as this may sound, the Java Sparrow is listed on the CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora) appendix II. Even though the Java Sparrow is considered a pest in many areas because of the devastation they can cause to a rice crop, in Java they are becoming scarce.
Distribution: Java, Bali, and Sumatra.
Diet: Seeds (rice) flowering plants and occasionally insects.