Less than 10,000 birds means the Humboldt penguin is one of the rarest of the 17 species of penguin. All the Humboldt Penguins at Birdland are captive bred.
Distribution: Coasts and islands of Peru and Chile.
Diet: Fresh whole Sprats, plus vitamins and salt.
Breeding: Two white eggs are laid underground in the wild, or in a nestbox in captivity, and incubation is 39 days, with both parents rearing the chicks.
Status in the wild: Less than 10,000 birds means the Humboldt is one of the rarest of the 17 species of penguin. Major threats are over-fishing and pollution.
IUCN Red Data Book – Listed as Vulnerable. (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources)