Humboldt Penguin

Spheniscus humboldti
Humbolt penguin, Birdland Park and Gardens

Less than 10,000 birds means the Humboldt penguin is one of the rarest of the 17 species of penguin.  All the Humboldt Penguins at Birdland are captive bred.

Distribution: Coasts and islands of Peru and Chile.

Diet: Fresh whole Sprats, plus vitamins and salt.

Breeding: Two white eggs are laid underground in the wild, or in a nestbox in captivity, and incubation is 39 days, with both parents rearing the chicks.

Status in the wild: Less than 10,000 birds means the Humboldt is one of the rarest of the 17 species of penguin. Major threats are over-fishing and pollution.

IUCN Red Data Book – Listed as Vulnerable.  (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources)

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